Feature Selection for Text Classification Based on Gini Coefficient of Inequality

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Ranbir Sanasam, Hema Murthy, Timothy Gonsalves ;
Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Feature Selection in Data Mining, PMLR 10:76-85, 2010.

Abstract

A number of feature selection mechanisms have been explored in text categorization, among which mutual information, information gain and chi-square are considered most effective. In this paper, we study another method known as \it within class popularity to deal with feature selection based on the concept \it Gini coefficient of inequality (a commonly used measure of inequality of \textitincome). The proposed measure explores the relative distribution of a feature among different classes. From extensive experiments with four text classifiers over three datasets of different levels of heterogeneity, we observe that the proposed measure outperforms the mutual information, information gain and chi-square static with an average improvement of approximately 28.5%, 19% and 9.2% respectively.

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