SPoD-Net: Fast Recovery of Microscopic Images Using Learned ISTA

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Satoshi Hara, Weichih Chen, Takashi Washio, Tetsuichi Wazawa, Takeharu Nagai ;
Proceedings of The Eleventh Asian Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 101:694-709, 2019.

Abstract

Recovering high quality images from microscopic observations is an essential technology in biological imaging. Existing recovery methods require solving an optimization problem by using iterative algorithms, which are computationally expensive and time consuming. The focus of this study is to accelerate the image recovery by using deep neural networks (DNNs). In our approach, we first train a certain type of DNN by using some observations from microscopes, so that it can well approximate the image recovery process. The recovery of a new observation is then computed thorough a single forward propagation in the trained DNN. In this study, we specifically focus on observations obtained by SPoD (Super-resolution by Polarization Demodulation), a recently developed microscopic technique, and accelerate the image recovery for SPoD by using DNNs. To this end, we propose \emph{SPoD-Net}, a specifically tailored DNN for fast recovery of SPoD images. Unlike general DNNs, SPoD-Net can be parameterized using a small number of parameters, which is helpful in two ways: (i) it can be stored in a small memory, and (ii) it can be trained efficiently. We also propose a method to stabilize the training of SPoD-Net. In the experiments with the real SPoD observations, we confirmed the effectiveness of SPoD-Net over existing recovery methods. Specifically, we observed that SPoD-Net could recover images with more than a hundred times faster than the existing method.

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