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# Calibrating Multivariate Lévy Processes with Neural Networks

*Proceedings of The First Mathematical and Scientific Machine Learning Conference*, PMLR 107:207-220, 2020.

#### Abstract

Calibrating a Lévy process usually requires characterizing its jump distribution. Traditionally this problem can be solved with nonparametric estimation using the empirical characteristic functions (ECF), assuming certain regularity, and results to date are mostly in 1D. For multivariate Lévy processes and less smooth Lévy densities, the problem becomes challenging as ECFs decay slowly and have large uncertainty because of limited observations. We solve this problem by approximating the Lévy density with a parametrized functional form; the characteristic function is then estimated using numerical integration. In our benchmarks, we used deep neural networks and found that they are robust and can capture sharp transitions in the Lévy density compared to piecewise linear functions and radial basis functions.