Bayesian experimental design using regularized determinantal point processes

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Michal Derezinski, Feynman Liang, Michael Mahoney ;
Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 108:3197-3207, 2020.

Abstract

We establish a fundamental connection between Bayesian experimental design and determinantal point processes (DPPs). Experimental design is a classical task in combinatorial optimization, where we wish to select a small subset of $d$-dimensional vectors to minimize a statistical optimality criterion. We show that a new regularized variant of DPPs can be used to design efficient algorithms for finding $(1+\epsilon)$-approximate solutions to experimental design under four commonly used optimality criteria: A-, C-, D- and V-optimality. A key novelty is that we offer improved guarantees under the Bayesian framework, where prior knowledge is incorporated into the criteria. Our algorithm returns a $(1+\epsilon)$-approximate solution when the subset size $k$ is $\Omega\left(\frac{d_A}{\epsilon} + \frac{\log(11/epsilon)}{\epsilon^2}\right)$, where $d_A << d$ is an effective dimension determined by prior knowledge (via a precision matrix $\mathbf{A}$).This is the first approximation guarantee where the dependence on $d$ is replaced by an effective dimension. Moreover, the time complexity of our algorithm significantly improves on existing approaches with comparable guarantees.

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