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# Dependent randomized rounding for clustering and partition systems with knapsack constraints

*Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 108:2273-2283, 2020.

#### Abstract

Clustering problems are fundamental to unsupervised learning. There is an increased emphasis on \emph{fairness} in machine learning and AI; one representative notion of fairness is that no single demographic group should be over-represented among the cluster-centers. This, and much more general clustering problems, can be formulated with “knapsack" and “partition" constraints. We develop new randomized algorithms targeting such problems, and study two in particular: multi-knapsack median and multi-knapsack center. Our rounding algorithms give new approximation and pseudo-approximation algorithms for these problems. One key technical tool we develop and use, which may be of independent interest, is a new tail bound analogous to Feige (2006) for sums of random variables with unbounded variances. Such bounds are very useful in inferring properties of large networks using few samples.