Graph DNA: Deep Neighborhood Aware Graph Encoding for Collaborative Filtering

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Liwei Wu, Hsiang-Fu Yu, Nikhil Rao, James Sharpnack, Cho-Jui Hsieh ;
Proceedings of the Twenty Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 108:776-787, 2020.

Abstract

In this paper, we consider recommender systems with side information in the form of graphs. Existing collaborative filtering algorithms mainly utilize only immediate neighborhood information and do not efficiently take advantage of deeper neighborhoods beyond 1-2 hops. The main issue with exploiting deeper graph information is the rapidly growing time and space complexity when incorporating information from these neighborhoods. In this paper, we propose using Graph DNA, a novel Deep Neighborhood Aware graph encoding algorithm, for exploiting multi-hop neighborhood information. DNA encoding computes approximate deep neighborhood information in linear time using Bloom filters, and results in a per-node encoding whose dimension is logarithmic in the number of nodes in the graph. It can be used in conjunction with both feature-based and graph-regularization-based collaborative filtering algorithms. Graph DNA has the advantages of being memory and time efficient and providing additional regularization when compared to directly using higher order graph information. We provide theoretical performance bounds for graph DNA encoding, and experimentally show that graph DNA can be used with 4 popular collaborative filtering algorithms to consistently boost their performances with little computational and memory overhead.

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