Discriminative Jackknife: Quantifying Uncertainty in Deep Learning via Higher-Order Influence Functions

Ahmed Alaa, Mihaela Van Der Schaar
Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 119:165-174, 2020.

Abstract

Deep learning models achieve high predictive accuracy across a broad spectrum of tasks, but rigorously quantifying their predictive uncertainty remains challenging. Usable estimates of predictive uncertainty should (1) cover the true prediction targets with high probability, and (2) discriminate between high- and low confidence prediction instances. Existing methods for uncertainty quantification are based predominantly on Bayesian neural networks; these may fall short of (1) and (2) {—} i.e., Bayesian credible intervals do not guarantee frequentist coverage, and approximate posterior inference undermines discriminative accuracy. In this paper, we develop the discriminative jackknife (DJ), a frequentist procedure that utilizes influence functions of a model’s loss functional to construct a jackknife (or leave one-out) estimator of predictive confidence intervals. The DJ satisfies (1) and (2), is applicable to a wide range of deep learning models, is easy to implement, and can be applied in a post-hoc fashion without interfering with model training or compromising its accuracy. Experiments demonstrate that DJ performs competitively compared to existing Bayesian and non-Bayesian regression baselines.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v119-alaa20a, title = {Discriminative Jackknife: Quantifying Uncertainty in Deep Learning via Higher-Order Influence Functions}, author = {Alaa, Ahmed and Van Der Schaar, Mihaela}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {165--174}, year = {2020}, editor = {Hal Daumé III and Aarti Singh}, volume = {119}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {13--18 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/alaa20a/alaa20a.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/alaa20a.html }, abstract = {Deep learning models achieve high predictive accuracy across a broad spectrum of tasks, but rigorously quantifying their predictive uncertainty remains challenging. Usable estimates of predictive uncertainty should (1) cover the true prediction targets with high probability, and (2) discriminate between high- and low confidence prediction instances. Existing methods for uncertainty quantification are based predominantly on Bayesian neural networks; these may fall short of (1) and (2) {—} i.e., Bayesian credible intervals do not guarantee frequentist coverage, and approximate posterior inference undermines discriminative accuracy. In this paper, we develop the discriminative jackknife (DJ), a frequentist procedure that utilizes influence functions of a model’s loss functional to construct a jackknife (or leave one-out) estimator of predictive confidence intervals. The DJ satisfies (1) and (2), is applicable to a wide range of deep learning models, is easy to implement, and can be applied in a post-hoc fashion without interfering with model training or compromising its accuracy. Experiments demonstrate that DJ performs competitively compared to existing Bayesian and non-Bayesian regression baselines.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Discriminative Jackknife: Quantifying Uncertainty in Deep Learning via Higher-Order Influence Functions %A Ahmed Alaa %A Mihaela Van Der Schaar %B Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Hal Daumé III %E Aarti Singh %F pmlr-v119-alaa20a %I PMLR %P 165--174 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/alaa20a.html %V 119 %X Deep learning models achieve high predictive accuracy across a broad spectrum of tasks, but rigorously quantifying their predictive uncertainty remains challenging. Usable estimates of predictive uncertainty should (1) cover the true prediction targets with high probability, and (2) discriminate between high- and low confidence prediction instances. Existing methods for uncertainty quantification are based predominantly on Bayesian neural networks; these may fall short of (1) and (2) {—} i.e., Bayesian credible intervals do not guarantee frequentist coverage, and approximate posterior inference undermines discriminative accuracy. In this paper, we develop the discriminative jackknife (DJ), a frequentist procedure that utilizes influence functions of a model’s loss functional to construct a jackknife (or leave one-out) estimator of predictive confidence intervals. The DJ satisfies (1) and (2), is applicable to a wide range of deep learning models, is easy to implement, and can be applied in a post-hoc fashion without interfering with model training or compromising its accuracy. Experiments demonstrate that DJ performs competitively compared to existing Bayesian and non-Bayesian regression baselines.
APA
Alaa, A. & Van Der Schaar, M.. (2020). Discriminative Jackknife: Quantifying Uncertainty in Deep Learning via Higher-Order Influence Functions. Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 119:165-174 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/alaa20a.html .

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