Inverse Active Sensing: Modeling and Understanding Timely Decision-Making

Daniel Jarrett, Mihaela Van Der Schaar
Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 119:4713-4723, 2020.

Abstract

Evidence-based decision-making entails collecting (costly) observations about an underlying phenomenon of interest, and subsequently committing to an (informed) decision on the basis of accumulated evidence. In this setting, *active sensing* is the goal-oriented problem of efficiently selecting which acquisitions to make, and when and what decision to settle on. As its complement, *inverse active sensing* seeks to uncover an agent’s preferences and strategy given their observable decision-making behavior. In this paper, we develop an expressive, unified framework for the general setting of evidence-based decision-making under endogenous, context-dependent time pressure—which requires negotiating (subjective) tradeoffs between accuracy, speediness, and cost of information. Using this language, we demonstrate how it enables *modeling* intuitive notions of surprise, suspense, and optimality in decision strategies (the forward problem). Finally, we illustrate how this formulation enables *understanding* decision-making behavior by quantifying preferences implicit in observed decision strategies (the inverse problem).

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v119-jarrett20a, title = {Inverse Active Sensing: Modeling and Understanding Timely Decision-Making}, author = {Jarrett, Daniel and Van Der Schaar, Mihaela}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {4713--4723}, year = {2020}, editor = {Hal Daumé III and Aarti Singh}, volume = {119}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {13--18 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/jarrett20a/jarrett20a.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/jarrett20a.html }, abstract = {Evidence-based decision-making entails collecting (costly) observations about an underlying phenomenon of interest, and subsequently committing to an (informed) decision on the basis of accumulated evidence. In this setting, *active sensing* is the goal-oriented problem of efficiently selecting which acquisitions to make, and when and what decision to settle on. As its complement, *inverse active sensing* seeks to uncover an agent’s preferences and strategy given their observable decision-making behavior. In this paper, we develop an expressive, unified framework for the general setting of evidence-based decision-making under endogenous, context-dependent time pressure—which requires negotiating (subjective) tradeoffs between accuracy, speediness, and cost of information. Using this language, we demonstrate how it enables *modeling* intuitive notions of surprise, suspense, and optimality in decision strategies (the forward problem). Finally, we illustrate how this formulation enables *understanding* decision-making behavior by quantifying preferences implicit in observed decision strategies (the inverse problem).} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Inverse Active Sensing: Modeling and Understanding Timely Decision-Making %A Daniel Jarrett %A Mihaela Van Der Schaar %B Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Hal Daumé III %E Aarti Singh %F pmlr-v119-jarrett20a %I PMLR %P 4713--4723 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/jarrett20a.html %V 119 %X Evidence-based decision-making entails collecting (costly) observations about an underlying phenomenon of interest, and subsequently committing to an (informed) decision on the basis of accumulated evidence. In this setting, *active sensing* is the goal-oriented problem of efficiently selecting which acquisitions to make, and when and what decision to settle on. As its complement, *inverse active sensing* seeks to uncover an agent’s preferences and strategy given their observable decision-making behavior. In this paper, we develop an expressive, unified framework for the general setting of evidence-based decision-making under endogenous, context-dependent time pressure—which requires negotiating (subjective) tradeoffs between accuracy, speediness, and cost of information. Using this language, we demonstrate how it enables *modeling* intuitive notions of surprise, suspense, and optimality in decision strategies (the forward problem). Finally, we illustrate how this formulation enables *understanding* decision-making behavior by quantifying preferences implicit in observed decision strategies (the inverse problem).
APA
Jarrett, D. & Van Der Schaar, M.. (2020). Inverse Active Sensing: Modeling and Understanding Timely Decision-Making. Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 119:4713-4723 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v119/jarrett20a.html .

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