Consistent recovery threshold of hidden nearest neighbor graphs

Jian Ding, Yihong Wu, Jiaming Xu, Dana Yang
; Proceedings of Thirty Third Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 125:1540-1553, 2020.

Abstract

Motivated by applications such as discovering strong ties in social networks and assembling genome subsequences in biology, we study the problem of recovering a hidden $2k$-nearest neighbor (NN) graph in an $n$-vertex complete graph, whose edge weights are independent and distributed according to $P_n$ for edges in the hidden $2k$-NN graph and $Q_n$ otherwise. The special case of Bernoulli distributions corresponds to a variant of the Watts-Strogatz small-world graph. We focus on two types of asymptotic recovery guarantees as $n\to \infty$: (1) exact recovery: all edges are classified correctly with probability tending to one; (2) almost exact recovery: the expected number of misclassified edges is $o(nk)$. We show that the maximum likelihood estimator achieves (1) exact recovery for $2 \le k \le n^{o(1)}$ if $ \liminf \frac{2\alpha_n}{\log n}>1$; (2) almost exact recovery for $ 1 \le k \le o\left( \frac{\log n}{\log \log n} \right)$ if $ \liminf \frac{kD(P_n||Q_n)}{\log n}>1, $ where $\alpha_n \triangleq -2 \log \int \sqrt{d P_n d Q_n}$ is the Rényi divergence of order $\frac{1}{2}$ and $D(P_n||Q_n)$ is the Kullback-Leibler divergence. Under mild distributional assumptions, these conditions are shown to be information-theoretically necessary for any algorithm to succeed. A key challenge in the analysis is the enumeration of $2k$-NN graphs that differ from the hidden one by a given number of edges. We also analyze several computationally efficient algorithms and provide sufficient conditions under which they achieve exact/almost exact recovery. In particular, we develop a polynomial-time algorithm that attains the threshold for exact recovery under the small-world model.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v125-ding20a, title = {Consistent recovery threshold of hidden nearest neighbor graphs}, author = {Ding, Jian and Wu, Yihong and Xu, Jiaming and Yang, Dana}, pages = {1540--1553}, year = {2020}, editor = {Jacob Abernethy and Shivani Agarwal}, volume = {125}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, address = {}, month = {09--12 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v125/ding20a/ding20a.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v125/ding20a.html}, abstract = { Motivated by applications such as discovering strong ties in social networks and assembling genome subsequences in biology, we study the problem of recovering a hidden $2k$-nearest neighbor (NN) graph in an $n$-vertex complete graph, whose edge weights are independent and distributed according to $P_n$ for edges in the hidden $2k$-NN graph and $Q_n$ otherwise. The special case of Bernoulli distributions corresponds to a variant of the Watts-Strogatz small-world graph. We focus on two types of asymptotic recovery guarantees as $n\to \infty$: (1) exact recovery: all edges are classified correctly with probability tending to one; (2) almost exact recovery: the expected number of misclassified edges is $o(nk)$. We show that the maximum likelihood estimator achieves (1) exact recovery for $2 \le k \le n^{o(1)}$ if $ \liminf \frac{2\alpha_n}{\log n}>1$; (2) almost exact recovery for $ 1 \le k \le o\left( \frac{\log n}{\log \log n} \right)$ if $ \liminf \frac{kD(P_n||Q_n)}{\log n}>1, $ where $\alpha_n \triangleq -2 \log \int \sqrt{d P_n d Q_n}$ is the Rényi divergence of order $\frac{1}{2}$ and $D(P_n||Q_n)$ is the Kullback-Leibler divergence. Under mild distributional assumptions, these conditions are shown to be information-theoretically necessary for any algorithm to succeed. A key challenge in the analysis is the enumeration of $2k$-NN graphs that differ from the hidden one by a given number of edges. We also analyze several computationally efficient algorithms and provide sufficient conditions under which they achieve exact/almost exact recovery. In particular, we develop a polynomial-time algorithm that attains the threshold for exact recovery under the small-world model.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Consistent recovery threshold of hidden nearest neighbor graphs %A Jian Ding %A Yihong Wu %A Jiaming Xu %A Dana Yang %B Proceedings of Thirty Third Conference on Learning Theory %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Jacob Abernethy %E Shivani Agarwal %F pmlr-v125-ding20a %I PMLR %J Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %P 1540--1553 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press %V 125 %W PMLR %X Motivated by applications such as discovering strong ties in social networks and assembling genome subsequences in biology, we study the problem of recovering a hidden $2k$-nearest neighbor (NN) graph in an $n$-vertex complete graph, whose edge weights are independent and distributed according to $P_n$ for edges in the hidden $2k$-NN graph and $Q_n$ otherwise. The special case of Bernoulli distributions corresponds to a variant of the Watts-Strogatz small-world graph. We focus on two types of asymptotic recovery guarantees as $n\to \infty$: (1) exact recovery: all edges are classified correctly with probability tending to one; (2) almost exact recovery: the expected number of misclassified edges is $o(nk)$. We show that the maximum likelihood estimator achieves (1) exact recovery for $2 \le k \le n^{o(1)}$ if $ \liminf \frac{2\alpha_n}{\log n}>1$; (2) almost exact recovery for $ 1 \le k \le o\left( \frac{\log n}{\log \log n} \right)$ if $ \liminf \frac{kD(P_n||Q_n)}{\log n}>1, $ where $\alpha_n \triangleq -2 \log \int \sqrt{d P_n d Q_n}$ is the Rényi divergence of order $\frac{1}{2}$ and $D(P_n||Q_n)$ is the Kullback-Leibler divergence. Under mild distributional assumptions, these conditions are shown to be information-theoretically necessary for any algorithm to succeed. A key challenge in the analysis is the enumeration of $2k$-NN graphs that differ from the hidden one by a given number of edges. We also analyze several computationally efficient algorithms and provide sufficient conditions under which they achieve exact/almost exact recovery. In particular, we develop a polynomial-time algorithm that attains the threshold for exact recovery under the small-world model.
APA
Ding, J., Wu, Y., Xu, J. & Yang, D.. (2020). Consistent recovery threshold of hidden nearest neighbor graphs. Proceedings of Thirty Third Conference on Learning Theory, in PMLR 125:1540-1553

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