Open Problem: Information Complexity of VC Learning
; Proceedings of Thirty Third Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 125:3857-3863, 2020.
Uniform convergence approaches learning by studying the complexity of hypothesis classes. In particular, hypothesis classes with bounded Vapnik-Chervonenkis dimension exhibit strong uniform convergence, that is, any hypothesis in the class has low generalization error. On the other hand, a long line of work studies the information complexity of a learning algorithm, as it is connected to several desired properties, including generalization. We ask whether all VC classes admit a learner with low information complexity which achieves the generalization bounds guaranteed by uniform convergence. Specifically, since we know that this is not possible if we consider proper and consistent learners and measure information complexity in terms of the mutual information (Bassily et al., 2018), we are interested in learners with low information complexity measured in terms of the recently introduced notion of CMI (Steinke and Zakynthinou, 2020). Can we obtain tight bounds on the information complexity of a learning algorithm for a VC class (via CMI), thus exactly retrieving the known generalization bounds implied for this class by uniform convergence?