On the Importance of Hyperparameter Optimization for Model-based Reinforcement Learning

Baohe Zhang, Raghu Rajan, Luis Pineda, Nathan Lambert, André Biedenkapp, Kurtland Chua, Frank Hutter, Roberto Calandra
Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 130:4015-4023, 2021.

Abstract

Model-based Reinforcement Learning (MBRL) is a promising framework for learning control in a data-efficient manner. MBRL algorithms can be fairly complex due to the separate dynamics modeling and the subsequent planning algorithm, and as a result, they often possess tens of hyperparameters and architectural choices. For this reason, MBRL typically requires significant human expertise before it can be applied to new problems and domains. To alleviate this problem, we propose to use automatic hyperparameter optimization (HPO). We demonstrate that this problem can be tackled effectively with automated HPO, which we demonstrate to yield significantly improved performance compared to human experts. In addition, we show that tuning of several MBRL hyperparameters dynamically, i.e. during the training itself, further improves the performance compared to using static hyperparameters which are kept fix for the whole training. Finally, our experiments provide valuable insights into the effects of several hyperparameters, such as plan horizon or learning rate and their influence on the stability of training and resulting rewards.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v130-zhang21n, title = { On the Importance of Hyperparameter Optimization for Model-based Reinforcement Learning }, author = {Zhang, Baohe and Rajan, Raghu and Pineda, Luis and Lambert, Nathan and Biedenkapp, Andr{\'e} and Chua, Kurtland and Hutter, Frank and Calandra, Roberto}, booktitle = {Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics}, pages = {4015--4023}, year = {2021}, editor = {Banerjee, Arindam and Fukumizu, Kenji}, volume = {130}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {13--15 Apr}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v130/zhang21n/zhang21n.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v130/zhang21n.html}, abstract = { Model-based Reinforcement Learning (MBRL) is a promising framework for learning control in a data-efficient manner. MBRL algorithms can be fairly complex due to the separate dynamics modeling and the subsequent planning algorithm, and as a result, they often possess tens of hyperparameters and architectural choices. For this reason, MBRL typically requires significant human expertise before it can be applied to new problems and domains. To alleviate this problem, we propose to use automatic hyperparameter optimization (HPO). We demonstrate that this problem can be tackled effectively with automated HPO, which we demonstrate to yield significantly improved performance compared to human experts. In addition, we show that tuning of several MBRL hyperparameters dynamically, i.e. during the training itself, further improves the performance compared to using static hyperparameters which are kept fix for the whole training. Finally, our experiments provide valuable insights into the effects of several hyperparameters, such as plan horizon or learning rate and their influence on the stability of training and resulting rewards. } }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T On the Importance of Hyperparameter Optimization for Model-based Reinforcement Learning %A Baohe Zhang %A Raghu Rajan %A Luis Pineda %A Nathan Lambert %A André Biedenkapp %A Kurtland Chua %A Frank Hutter %A Roberto Calandra %B Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2021 %E Arindam Banerjee %E Kenji Fukumizu %F pmlr-v130-zhang21n %I PMLR %P 4015--4023 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v130/zhang21n.html %V 130 %X Model-based Reinforcement Learning (MBRL) is a promising framework for learning control in a data-efficient manner. MBRL algorithms can be fairly complex due to the separate dynamics modeling and the subsequent planning algorithm, and as a result, they often possess tens of hyperparameters and architectural choices. For this reason, MBRL typically requires significant human expertise before it can be applied to new problems and domains. To alleviate this problem, we propose to use automatic hyperparameter optimization (HPO). We demonstrate that this problem can be tackled effectively with automated HPO, which we demonstrate to yield significantly improved performance compared to human experts. In addition, we show that tuning of several MBRL hyperparameters dynamically, i.e. during the training itself, further improves the performance compared to using static hyperparameters which are kept fix for the whole training. Finally, our experiments provide valuable insights into the effects of several hyperparameters, such as plan horizon or learning rate and their influence on the stability of training and resulting rewards.
APA
Zhang, B., Rajan, R., Pineda, L., Lambert, N., Biedenkapp, A., Chua, K., Hutter, F. & Calandra, R.. (2021). On the Importance of Hyperparameter Optimization for Model-based Reinforcement Learning . Proceedings of The 24th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 130:4015-4023 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v130/zhang21n.html.

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