Estimating Sparse Discrete Distributions Under Privacy and Communication Constraints
Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Algorithmic Learning Theory, PMLR 132:79-98, 2021.
We consider the problem of estimating sparse discrete distributions under local differential privacy (LDP) and communication constraints. We characterize the sample complexity for sparse estimation under LDP constraints up to a constant factor, and the sample complexity under communication constraints up to a logarithmic factor. Our upper bounds under LDP are based on the Hadamard Response, a private coin scheme that requires only one bit of communication per user. Under communication constraints we propose public coin schemes based on random hashing functions. Our tight lower bounds are based on recently proposed method of chi squared contractions.