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# Differentially Private Nonparametric Regression Under a Growth Condition

*Proceedings of Thirty Fourth Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 134:2149-2192, 2021.

#### Abstract

Given a real-valued hypothesis class H, we investigate under what conditions there is a differentially private algorithm which learns an optimal hypothesis from H given i.i.d. data. Inspired by recent results for the related setting of binary classification (Alon et al., 2019; Bun et al., 2020), where it was shown that online learnability of a binary class is necessary and sufficient for its private learnability, Jung et al. (2020) showed that in the setting of regression, online learnability of H is necessary for private learnability. Here online learnability of H is characterized by the finiteness of its eta-sequential fat shattering dimension, sfat_eta(H), for all eta > 0. In terms of sufficient conditions for private learnability, Jung et al. (2020) showed that H is privately learnable if lim_{\eta -> 0} sfat_eta(H) is finite, which is a fairly restrictive condition. We show that under the relaxed condition liminf_{eta -> 0} eta * sfat_eta(H) = 0, H is privately learnable, thus establishing the first nonparametric private learnability guarantee for classes H with sfat_eta(H) diverging as eta -> 0. Our techniques involve a novel filtering procedure to output stable hypotheses for nonparametric function classes.