# The Rate of Convergence of Adaboost

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Indraneel Mukherjee,
Cynthia Rudin,
Robert E. Schapire
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Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 19:537-558, 2011.

#### Abstract

The AdaBoost algorithm of \citetFreundSc97 was designed to combine many “weak” hypotheses that perform slightly better than a random guess into a “strong” hypothesis that has very low error. We study the rate at which AdaBoost iteratively converges to the minimum of the “exponential loss” with a fast rate of convergence. Our proofs do not require a weak-learning assumption, nor do they require that minimizers of the exponential loss are finite. Specifically, our first result shows that at iteration t, the exponential loss of AdaBoost’s computed parameter vector will be at most \varepsilon more than that of any parameter vector of \ell_1-norm bounded by B in a number of rounds that is bounded by a polynomial in B and 1/\varepsilon. We also provide rate lower bound examples showing a polynomial dependence on these parameters is necessary. Our second result is that within C/\varepsilon iterations, AdaBoost achieves a value of the exponential loss that is at most \varepsilon more than the best possible value, where C depends on the dataset. We show that this dependence of the rate on \varepsilon is optimal up to constant factors, i.e. at least Ω(1/\varepsilon) rounds are necessary to achieve within \varepsilon of the optimal exponential loss.

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