Regularization of Neural Networks using DropConnect

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Li Wan, Matthew Zeiler, Sixin Zhang, Yann Le Cun, Rob Fergus ;
Proceedings of the 30th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 28(3):1058-1066, 2013.

Abstract

We introduce DropConnect, a generalization of DropOut, for regularizing large fully-connected layers within neural networks. When training with Dropout, a randomly selected subset of activations are set to zero within each layer. DropConnect instead sets a randomly selected subset of weights within the network to zero. Each unit thus receives input from a random subset of units in the previous layer. We derive a bound on the generalization performance of both Dropout and DropConnect. We then evaluate DropConnect on a range of datasets, comparing to Dropout, and show state-of-the-art results on several image recoginition benchmarks can be obtained by aggregating multiple DropConnect-trained models.

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