# Open Problem: Lower bounds for Boosting with Hadamard Matrices

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Jiazhong Nie,
Manfred K. Warmuth,
S.V.N. Vishwanathan,
Xinhua Zhang
;

Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 30:1076-1079, 2013.

#### Abstract

Boosting algorithms can be viewed as a zero-sum game. At each iteration a new column / hypothesis is chosen from a game matrix representing the entire hypotheses class. There are algorithms for which the gap between the value of the sub-matrix (the t columns chosen so far) and the value of the entire game matrix is O(\sqrt\frac\log nt). A matching lower bound has been shown for random game matrices for t up to n^αwhere α∈(0,\frac12). We conjecture that with Hadamard matrices we can build a certain game matrix for which the game value grows at the slowest possible rate for t up to a fraction of n.

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