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# Learning Optimal Bounded Treewidth Bayesian Networks via Maximum Satisfiability

*Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 33:86-95, 2014.

#### Abstract

Bayesian network structure learning is the well-known computationally hard problem of finding a directed acyclic graph structure that optimally describes given data. A learned structure can then be used for probabilistic inference. While exact inference in Bayesian networks is in general NP-hard, it is tractable in networks with low treewidth. This provides good motivations for developing algorithms for the NP-hard problem of learning optimal bounded treewidth Bayesian networks (BTW-BNSL). In this work, we develop a novel score-based approach to BTW-BNSL, based on casting BTW-BNSL as weighted partial Maximum satisfiability. We demonstrate empirically that the approach scales notably better than a recent exact dynamic programming algorithm for BTW-BNSL.