# Bigger is Not Always Better: on the Quality of Hypotheses in Active Automata Learning

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Rick Smetsers,
Michele Volpato,
Frits Vaandrager,
Sicco Verwer
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The 12th International Conference on Grammatical Inference, PMLR 34:167-181, 2014.

#### Abstract

In Angluin’s L^∗ algorithm a learner constructs a sequence of hypotheses in order to learn a regular language. Each hypothesis is consistent with a larger set of observations and is described by a bigger model. From a behavioral perspective, however, a hypothesis is not always better than the previous one, in the sense that the minimal length of a counterexample that distinguishes a hypothesis from the target language may decrease. We present a simple modification of the L^∗ algorithm that ensures that for subsequent hypotheses the minimal length of a counterexample never decreases, which implies that the distance to the target language never increases in a corresponding ultrametric. Preliminary experimental evidence suggests that our algorithm speeds up learning in practical applications by reducing the number of equivalence queries.

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