Power-Law Graph Cuts

Xiangyang Zhou, Jiaxin Zhang, Brian Kulis
Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 38:1144-1152, 2015.

Abstract

Algorithms based on spectral graph cut objectives such as normalized cuts, ratio cuts and ratio association have become popular in recent years because they are widely applicable and simple to implement via standard eigenvector computations. Despite strong performance for a number of clustering tasks, spectral graph cut algorithms still suffer from several limitations: first, they require the number of clusters to be known in advance, but this information is often unknown a priori; second, they tend to produce clusters with uniform sizes. In some cases, the true clusters exhibit a known size distribution; in image segmentation, for instance, human- segmented images tend to yield segment sizes that follow a power-law distribution. In this paper, we propose a general framework of power-law graph cut algorithms that produce clusters whose sizes are power-law distributed, and also does not fix the number of clusters upfront. To achieve our goals, we treat the Pitman-Yor exchangeable partition probability function (EPPF) as a regularizer to graph cut objectives. Because the result- ing objectives cannot be solved by relaxing via eigenvectors, we derive a simple iterative algorithm to locally optimize the objectives. Moreover, we show that our proposed algorithm can be viewed as performing MAP inference on a particular Pitman-Yor mixture model. Our experiments on various data sets show the effectiveness of our algorithms.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v38-zhou15b, title = {{Power-Law Graph Cuts}}, author = {Xiangyang Zhou and Jiaxin Zhang and Brian Kulis}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics}, pages = {1144--1152}, year = {2015}, editor = {Guy Lebanon and S. V. N. Vishwanathan}, volume = {38}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, address = {San Diego, California, USA}, month = {09--12 May}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.html }, abstract = {Algorithms based on spectral graph cut objectives such as normalized cuts, ratio cuts and ratio association have become popular in recent years because they are widely applicable and simple to implement via standard eigenvector computations. Despite strong performance for a number of clustering tasks, spectral graph cut algorithms still suffer from several limitations: first, they require the number of clusters to be known in advance, but this information is often unknown a priori; second, they tend to produce clusters with uniform sizes. In some cases, the true clusters exhibit a known size distribution; in image segmentation, for instance, human- segmented images tend to yield segment sizes that follow a power-law distribution. In this paper, we propose a general framework of power-law graph cut algorithms that produce clusters whose sizes are power-law distributed, and also does not fix the number of clusters upfront. To achieve our goals, we treat the Pitman-Yor exchangeable partition probability function (EPPF) as a regularizer to graph cut objectives. Because the result- ing objectives cannot be solved by relaxing via eigenvectors, we derive a simple iterative algorithm to locally optimize the objectives. Moreover, we show that our proposed algorithm can be viewed as performing MAP inference on a particular Pitman-Yor mixture model. Our experiments on various data sets show the effectiveness of our algorithms.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Power-Law Graph Cuts %A Xiangyang Zhou %A Jiaxin Zhang %A Brian Kulis %B Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2015 %E Guy Lebanon %E S. V. N. Vishwanathan %F pmlr-v38-zhou15b %I PMLR %P 1144--1152 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.html %V 38 %X Algorithms based on spectral graph cut objectives such as normalized cuts, ratio cuts and ratio association have become popular in recent years because they are widely applicable and simple to implement via standard eigenvector computations. Despite strong performance for a number of clustering tasks, spectral graph cut algorithms still suffer from several limitations: first, they require the number of clusters to be known in advance, but this information is often unknown a priori; second, they tend to produce clusters with uniform sizes. In some cases, the true clusters exhibit a known size distribution; in image segmentation, for instance, human- segmented images tend to yield segment sizes that follow a power-law distribution. In this paper, we propose a general framework of power-law graph cut algorithms that produce clusters whose sizes are power-law distributed, and also does not fix the number of clusters upfront. To achieve our goals, we treat the Pitman-Yor exchangeable partition probability function (EPPF) as a regularizer to graph cut objectives. Because the result- ing objectives cannot be solved by relaxing via eigenvectors, we derive a simple iterative algorithm to locally optimize the objectives. Moreover, we show that our proposed algorithm can be viewed as performing MAP inference on a particular Pitman-Yor mixture model. Our experiments on various data sets show the effectiveness of our algorithms.
RIS
TY - CPAPER TI - Power-Law Graph Cuts AU - Xiangyang Zhou AU - Jiaxin Zhang AU - Brian Kulis BT - Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics DA - 2015/02/21 ED - Guy Lebanon ED - S. V. N. Vishwanathan ID - pmlr-v38-zhou15b PB - PMLR DP - Proceedings of Machine Learning Research VL - 38 SP - 1144 EP - 1152 L1 - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.pdf UR - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.html AB - Algorithms based on spectral graph cut objectives such as normalized cuts, ratio cuts and ratio association have become popular in recent years because they are widely applicable and simple to implement via standard eigenvector computations. Despite strong performance for a number of clustering tasks, spectral graph cut algorithms still suffer from several limitations: first, they require the number of clusters to be known in advance, but this information is often unknown a priori; second, they tend to produce clusters with uniform sizes. In some cases, the true clusters exhibit a known size distribution; in image segmentation, for instance, human- segmented images tend to yield segment sizes that follow a power-law distribution. In this paper, we propose a general framework of power-law graph cut algorithms that produce clusters whose sizes are power-law distributed, and also does not fix the number of clusters upfront. To achieve our goals, we treat the Pitman-Yor exchangeable partition probability function (EPPF) as a regularizer to graph cut objectives. Because the result- ing objectives cannot be solved by relaxing via eigenvectors, we derive a simple iterative algorithm to locally optimize the objectives. Moreover, we show that our proposed algorithm can be viewed as performing MAP inference on a particular Pitman-Yor mixture model. Our experiments on various data sets show the effectiveness of our algorithms. ER -
APA
Zhou, X., Zhang, J. & Kulis, B.. (2015). Power-Law Graph Cuts. Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 38:1144-1152 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v38/zhou15b.html .

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