Simple, Efficient, and Neural Algorithms for Sparse Coding

Sanjeev Arora, Rong Ge, Tengyu Ma, Ankur Moitra
; Proceedings of The 28th Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 40:113-149, 2015.

Abstract

Sparse coding is a basic task in many fields including signal processing, neuroscience and machine learning where the goal is to learn a basis that enables a sparse representation of a given set of data, if one exists. Its standard formulation is as a non-convex optimization problem which is solved in practice by heuristics based on alternating minimization. Recent work has resulted in several algorithms for sparse coding with provable guarantees, but somewhat surprisingly these are outperformed by the simple alternating minimization heuristics. Here we give a general framework for understanding alternating minimization which we leverage to analyze existing heuristics and to design new ones also with provable guarantees. Some of these algorithms seem implementable on simple neural architectures, which was the original motivation of Olshausen and Field in introducing sparse coding. We also give the first efficient algorithm for sparse coding that works almost up to the information theoretic limit for sparse recovery on incoherent dictionaries. All previous algorithms that approached or surpassed this limit run in time exponential in some natural parameter. Finally, our algorithms improve upon the sample complexity of existing approaches. We believe that our analysis framework will have applications in other settings where simple iterative algorithms are used

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v40-Arora15, title = {Simple, Efficient, and Neural Algorithms for Sparse Coding}, author = {Sanjeev Arora and Rong Ge and Tengyu Ma and Ankur Moitra}, booktitle = {Proceedings of The 28th Conference on Learning Theory}, pages = {113--149}, year = {2015}, editor = {Peter Grünwald and Elad Hazan and Satyen Kale}, volume = {40}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, address = {Paris, France}, month = {03--06 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v40/Arora15.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v40/Arora15.html}, abstract = {Sparse coding is a basic task in many fields including signal processing, neuroscience and machine learning where the goal is to learn a basis that enables a sparse representation of a given set of data, if one exists. Its standard formulation is as a non-convex optimization problem which is solved in practice by heuristics based on alternating minimization. Recent work has resulted in several algorithms for sparse coding with provable guarantees, but somewhat surprisingly these are outperformed by the simple alternating minimization heuristics. Here we give a general framework for understanding alternating minimization which we leverage to analyze existing heuristics and to design new ones also with provable guarantees. Some of these algorithms seem implementable on simple neural architectures, which was the original motivation of Olshausen and Field in introducing sparse coding. We also give the first efficient algorithm for sparse coding that works almost up to the information theoretic limit for sparse recovery on incoherent dictionaries. All previous algorithms that approached or surpassed this limit run in time exponential in some natural parameter. Finally, our algorithms improve upon the sample complexity of existing approaches. We believe that our analysis framework will have applications in other settings where simple iterative algorithms are used} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Simple, Efficient, and Neural Algorithms for Sparse Coding %A Sanjeev Arora %A Rong Ge %A Tengyu Ma %A Ankur Moitra %B Proceedings of The 28th Conference on Learning Theory %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2015 %E Peter Grünwald %E Elad Hazan %E Satyen Kale %F pmlr-v40-Arora15 %I PMLR %J Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %P 113--149 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press %V 40 %W PMLR %X Sparse coding is a basic task in many fields including signal processing, neuroscience and machine learning where the goal is to learn a basis that enables a sparse representation of a given set of data, if one exists. Its standard formulation is as a non-convex optimization problem which is solved in practice by heuristics based on alternating minimization. Recent work has resulted in several algorithms for sparse coding with provable guarantees, but somewhat surprisingly these are outperformed by the simple alternating minimization heuristics. Here we give a general framework for understanding alternating minimization which we leverage to analyze existing heuristics and to design new ones also with provable guarantees. Some of these algorithms seem implementable on simple neural architectures, which was the original motivation of Olshausen and Field in introducing sparse coding. We also give the first efficient algorithm for sparse coding that works almost up to the information theoretic limit for sparse recovery on incoherent dictionaries. All previous algorithms that approached or surpassed this limit run in time exponential in some natural parameter. Finally, our algorithms improve upon the sample complexity of existing approaches. We believe that our analysis framework will have applications in other settings where simple iterative algorithms are used
RIS
TY - CPAPER TI - Simple, Efficient, and Neural Algorithms for Sparse Coding AU - Sanjeev Arora AU - Rong Ge AU - Tengyu Ma AU - Ankur Moitra BT - Proceedings of The 28th Conference on Learning Theory PY - 2015/06/26 DA - 2015/06/26 ED - Peter Grünwald ED - Elad Hazan ED - Satyen Kale ID - pmlr-v40-Arora15 PB - PMLR SP - 113 DP - PMLR EP - 149 L1 - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v40/Arora15.pdf UR - http://proceedings.mlr.press/v40/Arora15.html AB - Sparse coding is a basic task in many fields including signal processing, neuroscience and machine learning where the goal is to learn a basis that enables a sparse representation of a given set of data, if one exists. Its standard formulation is as a non-convex optimization problem which is solved in practice by heuristics based on alternating minimization. Recent work has resulted in several algorithms for sparse coding with provable guarantees, but somewhat surprisingly these are outperformed by the simple alternating minimization heuristics. Here we give a general framework for understanding alternating minimization which we leverage to analyze existing heuristics and to design new ones also with provable guarantees. Some of these algorithms seem implementable on simple neural architectures, which was the original motivation of Olshausen and Field in introducing sparse coding. We also give the first efficient algorithm for sparse coding that works almost up to the information theoretic limit for sparse recovery on incoherent dictionaries. All previous algorithms that approached or surpassed this limit run in time exponential in some natural parameter. Finally, our algorithms improve upon the sample complexity of existing approaches. We believe that our analysis framework will have applications in other settings where simple iterative algorithms are used ER -
APA
Arora, S., Ge, R., Ma, T. & Moitra, A.. (2015). Simple, Efficient, and Neural Algorithms for Sparse Coding. Proceedings of The 28th Conference on Learning Theory, in PMLR 40:113-149

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