ADIOS: Architectures Deep In Output Space


Moustapha Cisse, Maruan Al-Shedivat, Samy Bengio ;
Proceedings of The 33rd International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 48:2770-2779, 2016.


Multi-label classification is a generalization of binary classification where the task consists in predicting \emphsets of labels. With the availability of ever larger datasets, the multi-label setting has become a natural one in many applications, and the interest in solving multi-label problems has grown significantly. As expected, deep learning approaches are now yielding state-of-the-art performance for this class of problems. Unfortunately, they usually do not take into account the often unknown but nevertheless rich relationships between labels. In this paper, we propose to make use of this underlying structure by learning to partition the labels into a Markov Blanket Chain and then applying a novel deep architecture that exploits the partition. Experiments on several popular and large multi-label datasets demonstrate that our approach not only yields significant improvements, but also helps to overcome trade-offs specific to the multi-label classification setting.

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