Learning Communities in the Presence of Errors
29th Annual Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 49:1258-1291, 2016.
We study the problem of learning communities in the presence of modeling errors and give robust recovery algorithms for the Stochastic Block Model (SBM). This model, which is also known as the Planted Partition Model, is widely used for community detection and graph partitioning in various fields, including machine learning, statistics, and social sciences. Many algorithms exist for learning communities in the Stochastic Block Model, but they do not work well in the presence of errors. In this paper, we initiate the study of robust algorithms for partial recovery in SBM with modeling errors or noise. We consider graphs generated according to the Stochastic Block Model and then modified by an adversary. We allow two types of adversarial errors, Feige—Kilian or monotone errors, and edge outlier errors. Mossel, Neeman and Sly (STOC 2015) posed an open question about whether an almost exact recovery is possible when the adversary is allowed to add o(n) edges. Our work answers this question affirmatively even in the case of k>2 communities. We then show that our algorithms work not only when the instances come from SBM, but also work when the instances come from any distribution of graphs that is \varepsilon m close to SBM in the Kullback—Leibler divergence. This result also works in the presence of adversarial errors. Finally, we present almost tight lower bounds for two communities.