The Block Diagonal Infinite Hidden Markov Model
Proceedings of the Twelth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 5:552-559, 2009.
The Infinite Hidden Markov Model (IHMM) extends hidden Markov models to have a countably infinite number of hidden states (Beal et al., 2002; Teh et al., 2006). We present a generalization of this framework that introduces block-diagonal structure in the transitions between the hidden states. These blocks correspond to “sub-behaviors” exhibited by data sequences. In identifying such structure, the model classifies, or partitions, sequence data according to these sub-behaviors in an unsupervised way. We present an application of this model to artificial data, a video gesture classification task, and a musical theme labeling task, and show that components of the model can also be applied to graph segmentation.