Convex Block-sparse Linear Regression with Expanders – Provably

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Anastasios Kyrillidis, Bubacarr Bah, Rouzbeh Hasheminezhad, Quoc Tran Dinh, Luca Baldassarre, Volkan Cevher ;
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 51:19-27, 2016.

Abstract

Sparse matrices are favorable objects in machine learning and optimization. When such matrices are used, in place of dense ones, the overall complexity requirements in optimization can be significantly reduced in practice, both in terms of space and run-time. Prompted by this observation, we study a convex optimization scheme for block-sparse recovery from linear measurements. To obtain linear sketches, we use expander matrices, i.e., sparse matrices containing only few non-zeros per column. Hitherto, to the best of our knowledge, such algorithmic solutions have been only studied from a non-convex perspective. Our aim here is to theoretically characterize the performance of convex approaches under such setting. Our key novelty is the expression of the recovery error in terms of the model-based norm, while assuring that solution lives in the model. To achieve this, we show that sparse model-based matrices satisfy a group version of the null-space property. Our experimental findings on synthetic and real applications support our claims for faster recovery in the convex setting – as opposed to using dense sensing matrices, while showing a competitive recovery performance.

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