Hawkes Process Modeling of Adverse Drug Reactions with Longitudinal Observational Data
Proceedings of the 2nd Machine Learning for Healthcare Conference, PMLR 68:177-190, 2017.
Adverse drug reaction (ADR) discovery is the task of identifying unexpected and negative events caused by pharmaceutical products. This paper describes a log-linear Hawkes process model for ADR discovery from longitudinal observational data such as electronic health records (EHRs). The proposed method leverages the irregular time-stamped events in EHRs to represent the time-varying effect of various drugs on the occurrence rate of adverse events. Experimental results on a large-scale cohort of real-world EHRs demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms a leading approach, multiple self-controlled case series (Simpson et al., 2013), in identifying benchmark ADRs defined by the Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership.