Deep Voice: Real-time Neural Text-to-Speech

Sercan Ö. Arık, Mike Chrzanowski, Adam Coates, Gregory Diamos, Andrew Gibiansky, Yongguo Kang, Xian Li, John Miller, Andrew Ng, Jonathan Raiman, Shubho Sengupta, Mohammad Shoeybi
; Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 70:195-204, 2017.

Abstract

We present Deep Voice, a production-quality text-to-speech system constructed entirely from deep neural networks. Deep Voice lays the groundwork for truly end-to-end neural speech synthesis. The system comprises five major building blocks: a segmentation model for locating phoneme boundaries, a grapheme-to-phoneme conversion model, a phoneme duration prediction model, a fundamental frequency prediction model, and an audio synthesis model. For the segmentation model, we propose a novel way of performing phoneme boundary detection with deep neural networks using connectionist temporal classification (CTC) loss. For the audio synthesis model, we implement a variant of WaveNet that requires fewer parameters and trains faster than the original. By using a neural network for each component, our system is simpler and more flexible than traditional text-to-speech systems, where each component requires laborious feature engineering and extensive domain expertise. Finally, we show that inference with our system can be performed faster than real time and describe optimized WaveNet inference kernels on both CPU and GPU that achieve up to 400x speedups over existing implementations.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v70-arik17a, title = {Deep Voice: Real-time Neural Text-to-Speech}, author = {Sercan {\"O}. Ar{\i}k and Mike Chrzanowski and Adam Coates and Gregory Diamos and Andrew Gibiansky and Yongguo Kang and Xian Li and John Miller and Andrew Ng and Jonathan Raiman and Shubho Sengupta and Mohammad Shoeybi}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning}, pages = {195--204}, year = {2017}, editor = {Doina Precup and Yee Whye Teh}, volume = {70}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, address = {International Convention Centre, Sydney, Australia}, month = {06--11 Aug}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v70/arik17a/arik17a.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v70/arik17a.html}, abstract = {We present Deep Voice, a production-quality text-to-speech system constructed entirely from deep neural networks. Deep Voice lays the groundwork for truly end-to-end neural speech synthesis. The system comprises five major building blocks: a segmentation model for locating phoneme boundaries, a grapheme-to-phoneme conversion model, a phoneme duration prediction model, a fundamental frequency prediction model, and an audio synthesis model. For the segmentation model, we propose a novel way of performing phoneme boundary detection with deep neural networks using connectionist temporal classification (CTC) loss. For the audio synthesis model, we implement a variant of WaveNet that requires fewer parameters and trains faster than the original. By using a neural network for each component, our system is simpler and more flexible than traditional text-to-speech systems, where each component requires laborious feature engineering and extensive domain expertise. Finally, we show that inference with our system can be performed faster than real time and describe optimized WaveNet inference kernels on both CPU and GPU that achieve up to 400x speedups over existing implementations.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Deep Voice: Real-time Neural Text-to-Speech %A Sercan Ö. Arık %A Mike Chrzanowski %A Adam Coates %A Gregory Diamos %A Andrew Gibiansky %A Yongguo Kang %A Xian Li %A John Miller %A Andrew Ng %A Jonathan Raiman %A Shubho Sengupta %A Mohammad Shoeybi %B Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2017 %E Doina Precup %E Yee Whye Teh %F pmlr-v70-arik17a %I PMLR %J Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %P 195--204 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press %V 70 %W PMLR %X We present Deep Voice, a production-quality text-to-speech system constructed entirely from deep neural networks. Deep Voice lays the groundwork for truly end-to-end neural speech synthesis. The system comprises five major building blocks: a segmentation model for locating phoneme boundaries, a grapheme-to-phoneme conversion model, a phoneme duration prediction model, a fundamental frequency prediction model, and an audio synthesis model. For the segmentation model, we propose a novel way of performing phoneme boundary detection with deep neural networks using connectionist temporal classification (CTC) loss. For the audio synthesis model, we implement a variant of WaveNet that requires fewer parameters and trains faster than the original. By using a neural network for each component, our system is simpler and more flexible than traditional text-to-speech systems, where each component requires laborious feature engineering and extensive domain expertise. Finally, we show that inference with our system can be performed faster than real time and describe optimized WaveNet inference kernels on both CPU and GPU that achieve up to 400x speedups over existing implementations.
APA
Arık, S.Ö., Chrzanowski, M., Coates, A., Diamos, G., Gibiansky, A., Kang, Y., Li, X., Miller, J., Ng, A., Raiman, J., Sengupta, S. & Shoeybi, M.. (2017). Deep Voice: Real-time Neural Text-to-Speech. Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning, in PMLR 70:195-204

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