Coresets for Vector Summarization with Applications to Network Graphs

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Dan Feldman, Sedat Ozer, Daniela Rus ;
Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 70:1117-1125, 2017.

Abstract

We provide a deterministic data summarization algorithm that approximates the mean $\bar{p}=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{p\in P} p$ of a set $P$ of $n$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^d$, by a weighted mean $\tilde{p}$ of a subset of $O(1/\epsilon)$ vectors, i.e., independent of both $n$ and $d$. We prove that the squared Euclidean distance between $\bar{p}$ and $\tilde{p}$ is at most $\epsilon$ multiplied by the variance of $P$. We use this algorithm to maintain an approximated sum of vectors from an unbounded stream, using memory that is independent of $d$, and logarithmic in the $n$ vectors seen so far. Our main application is to extract and represent in a compact way friend groups and activity summaries of users from underlying data exchanges. For example, in the case of mobile networks, we can use GPS traces to identify meetings; in the case of social networks, we can use information exchange to identify friend groups. Our algorithm provably identifies the Heavy Hitter entries in a proximity (adjacency) matrix. The Heavy Hitters can be used to extract and represent in a compact way friend groups and activity summaries of users from underlying data exchanges. We evaluate the algorithm on several large data sets.

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