Deriving Neural Architectures from Sequence and Graph Kernels

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Tao Lei, Wengong Jin, Regina Barzilay, Tommi Jaakkola ;
Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 70:2024-2033, 2017.

Abstract

The design of neural architectures for structured objects is typically guided by experimental insights rather than a formal process. In this work, we appeal to kernels over combinatorial structures, such as sequences and graphs, to derive appropriate neural operations. We introduce a class of deep recurrent neural operations and formally characterize their associated kernel spaces. Our recurrent modules compare the input to virtual reference objects (cf. filters in CNN) via the kernels. Similar to traditional neural operations, these reference objects are parameterized and directly optimized in end-to-end training. We empirically evaluate the proposed class of neural architectures on standard applications such as language modeling and molecular graph regression, achieving state-of-the-art results across these applications.

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