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# Spherical Structured Feature Maps for Kernel Approximation

*Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Machine Learning*, PMLR 70:2256-2264, 2017.

#### Abstract

We propose Spherical Structured Feature (SSF) maps to approximate shift and rotation invariant kernels as well as $b^{th}$-order arc-cosine kernels (Cho \& Saul, 2009). We construct SSF maps based on the point set on $d-1$ dimensional sphere $\mathbb{S}^{d-1}$. We prove that the inner product of SSF maps are unbiased estimates for above kernels if asymptotically uniformly distributed point set on $\mathbb{S}^{d-1}$ is given. According to (Brauchart \& Grabner, 2015), optimizing the discrete Riesz s-energy can generate asymptotically uniformly distributed point set on $\mathbb{S}^{d-1}$. Thus, we propose an efficient coordinate decent method to find a local optimum of the discrete Riesz s-energy for SSF maps construction. Theoretically, SSF maps construction achieves linear space complexity and loglinear time complexity. Empirically, SSF maps achieve superior performance compared with other methods.