Backoff methods for estimating parameters of a Bayesian network


Wray Buntine ;
Proceedings of The 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Methodologies for Bayesian Networks, PMLR 73:3-3, 2017.


Various authors have highlighted inadequacies of BDeu type scores and this problem is shared in parameter estimation. Basically, Laplace estimates work poorly, at least because setting the prior concentration is challenging. In 1997, Freidman et al suggested a simple backoff approach for Bayesian network classifiers (BNCs). Backoff methods dominate in in n-gram language models, with modified Kneser-Ney smoothing, being the best known, and a Bayesian variant exists in the form of Pitman-Yor process language models from Teh in 2006. In this talk we will present some results on using backoff methods for Bayes network classifiers and Bayesian networks generally. For BNCs at least, the improvements are dramatic and alleviate some of the issues of choosing too dense a network.

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