A Mutually-Dependent Hadamard Kernel for Modelling Latent Variable Couplings


Sami Remes, Markus Heinonen, Samuel Kaski ;
Proceedings of the Ninth Asian Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 77:455-470, 2017.


We introduce a novel kernel that models input-dependent couplings across multiple latent processes. The pairwise joint kernel measures covariance along inputs and across different latent signals in a mutually-dependent fashion. A latent correlation Gaussian process (LCGP) model combines these non-stationary latent components into multiple outputs by an input-dependent mixing matrix. Probit classification and support for multiple observation sets are derived by Variational Bayesian inference. Results on several datasets indicate that the LCGP model can recover the correlations between latent signals while simultaneously achieving state-of-the-art performance. We highlight the latent covariances with an EEG classification dataset where latent brain processes and their couplings simultaneously emerge from the model.

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