Bayesian Multi-label Learning with Sparse Features and Labels, and Label Co-occurrences

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He Zhao, Piyush Rai, Lan Du, Wray Buntine ;
Proceedings of the Twenty-First International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 84:1943-1951, 2018.

Abstract

We present a probabilistic, fully Bayesian framework for multi-label learning. Our framework is based on the idea of learning a joint low-rank embedding of the label matrix and the label co-occurrence matrix. The proposed framework has the following appealing aspects: (1) It leverages the sparsity in the label matrix and the feature matrix, which results in very efficient inference, especially for sparse datasets, commonly encountered in multi-label learning problems, and (2) By effectively utilizing the label co-occurrence information, the model yields improved prediction accuracies, especially in the case where the amount of training data is low and/or the label matrix has a significant fraction of missing labels. Our framework enjoys full local conjugacy and admits a simple inference procedure via a scalable Gibbs sampler. We report experimental results on a number of benchmark datasets, on which it outperforms several state-of-the-art multi-label learning models.

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