Feature-correlation-aware Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model

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Ping Li, Songcan Chen ;
Proceedings of The 10th Asian Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 95:33-48, 2018.

Abstract

Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model (GPLVM) is a powerful nonlinear dimension reduction model and has been widely used in many machine learning scenarios. However, the original GPLVM and its variants do not explicitly model the correlations among the original features, leading to the underutilization of underlying information involved in the data. To compensate for this shortcoming, we propose a feature-correlation-aware GPLVM (fcaGPLVM) to simultaneously learn the latent variables and the feature correlations. The main contributions of this paper are 1) introducing a set of extra latent variables into the original GPLVM and proposing a feature-correlation-aware kernel function to explicitly model the feature-description information and infer the feature correlations; 2) defining a joint objective function and developing a stochastic optimization algorithm based on the stochastic variational inference (SVI) to learn all the latent variables. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that explicitly considers the feature correlations in the GPLVM and makes many existing GPLVMs become its special cases. Furthermore, it can be applied to both unsupervised and supervised learnings to improve the performance of dimension reduction. Experimental results show that in these two learning scenarios the proposed models outperform their state-of-the-art counterparts.

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