Unsupervised Label Noise Modeling and Loss Correction

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Eric Arazo, Diego Ortego, Paul Albert, Noel O’Connor, Kevin Mcguinness ;
Proceedings of the 36th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 97:312-321, 2019.

Abstract

Despite being robust to small amounts of label noise, convolutional neural networks trained with stochastic gradient methods have been shown to easily fit random labels. When there are a mixture of correct and mislabelled targets, networks tend to fit the former before the latter. This suggests using a suitable two-component mixture model as an unsupervised generative model of sample loss values during training to allow online estimation of the probability that a sample is mislabelled. Specifically, we propose a beta mixture to estimate this probability and correct the loss by relying on the network prediction (the so-called bootstrapping loss). We further adapt mixup augmentation to drive our approach a step further. Experiments on CIFAR-10/100 and TinyImageNet demonstrate a robustness to label noise that substantially outperforms recent state-of-the-art. Source code is available at https://git.io/fjsvE and Appendix at https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.11238.

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