Solving Empirical Risk Minimization in the Current Matrix Multiplication Time

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Yin Tat Lee, Zhao Song, Qiuyi Zhang ;
Proceedings of the Thirty-Second Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 99:2140-2157, 2019.

Abstract

Many convex problems in machine learning and computer science share the same form: \begin{align*} \min_{x} \sum_{i} f_i( A_i x + b_i), \end{align*} where $f_i$ are convex functions on $\R^{n_i}$ with constant $n_i$, $A_i \in \R^{n_i \times d}$, $b_i \in \R^{n_i}$ and $\sum_i n_i = n$. This problem generalizes linear programming and includes many problems in empirical risk minimization. In this paper, we give an algorithm that runs in time \begin{align*} O^* ( ( n^{\omega} + n^{2.5 - \alpha/2} + n^{2+ 1/6} ) \log (n / \delta) ) \end{align*} where $\omega$ is the exponent of matrix multiplication, $\alpha$ is the dual exponent of matrix multiplication, and $\delta$ is the relative accuracy. Note that the runtime has only a log dependence on the condition numbers or other data dependent parameters and these are captured in $\delta$. For the current bound $\omega \sim 2.38$ [Vassilevska Williams’12, Le Gall’14] and $\alpha \sim 0.31$ [Le Gall, Urrutia’18], our runtime $O^* ( n^{\omega} \log (n / \delta))$ matches the current best for solving a dense least squares regression problem, a special case of the problem we consider. Very recently, [Alman’18] proved that all the current known techniques can not give a better $\omega$ below $2.168$ which is larger than our $2+1/6$. Our result generalizes the very recent result of solving linear programs in the current matrix multiplication time [Cohen, Lee, Song’19] to a more broad class of problems. Our algorithm proposes two concepts which are different from [Cohen, Lee, Song’19] :\ $\bullet$ We give a robust deterministic central path method, whereas the previous one is a stochastic central path which updates weights by a random sparse vector. \ $\bullet$ We propose an efficient data-structure to maintain the central path of interior point methods even when the weights update vector is dense.

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