Beyond Least-Squares: Fast Rates for Regularized Empirical Risk Minimization through Self-Concordance

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Ulysse Marteau-Ferey, Dmitrii Ostrovskii, Francis Bach, Alessandro Rudi ;
Proceedings of the Thirty-Second Conference on Learning Theory, PMLR 99:2294-2340, 2019.

Abstract

We consider learning methods based on the regularization of a convex empirical risk by a squared Hilbertian norm, a setting that includes linear predictors and non-linear predictors through positive-definite kernels. In order to go beyond the generic analysis leading to convergence rates of the excess risk as $O(1/\sqrt{n})$ from $n$ observations, we assume that the individual losses are self-concordant, that is, their third-order derivatives are bounded by their second-order derivatives. This setting includes least-squares, as well as all generalized linear models such as logistic and softmax regression. For this class of losses, we provide a bias-variance decomposition and show that the assumptions commonly made in least-squares regression, such as the source and capacity conditions, can be adapted to obtain fast non-asymptotic rates of convergence by improving the bias terms, the variance terms or both.

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