A Learnable Safety Measure
Proceedings of the Conference on Robot Learning, PMLR 100:627-639, 2020.
Failures are challenging for learning to control physical systems since they risk damage, time-consuming resets, and often provide little gradient information. Adding safety constraints to exploration typically requires a lot of prior knowledge and domain expertise. We present a safety measure which implicitly captures how the system dynamics relate to a set of failure states. Not only can this measure be used as a safety function, but also to directly compute the set of safe state-action pairs. Further, we show a model-free approach to learn this measure by active sampling using Gaussian processes. While safety can only be guaranteed after learning the safety measure, we show that failures can already be greatly reduced by using the estimated measure during learning.