XLSor: A Robust and Accurate Lung Segmentor on Chest X-Rays Using Criss-Cross Attention and Customized Radiorealistic Abnormalities Generation

You-Bao Tang, Yu-Xing Tang, Jing Xiao, Ronald M. Summers
Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging with Deep Learning, PMLR 102:457-467, 2019.

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel framework for lung segmentation in chest X-rays. It consists of two key contributions, a criss-cross attention based segmentation network and radiorealistic chest X-ray image synthesis (\textit{i}.\textit{e}. a synthesized radiograph that appears anatomically realistic) for data augmentation. The criss-cross attention modules capture rich global contextual information in both horizontal and vertical directions for all the pixels thus facilitating accurate lung segmentation. To reduce the manual annotation burden and to train a robust lung segmentor that can be adapted to pathological lungs with hazy lung boundaries, an image-to-image translation module is employed to synthesize radiorealistic abnormal CXRs from the source of normal ones for data augmentation. The lung masks of synthetic abnormal CXRs are propagated from the segmentation results of their normal counterparts, and then serve as pseudo masks for robust segmentor training. In addition, we annotate 100 CXRs with lung masks on a more challenging NIH Chest X-ray dataset containing both posterioranterior and anteroposterior views for evaluation. Extensive experiments validate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed framework. The code and data can be found from \url{https://github.com/rsummers11/CADLab/tree/master/Lung_Segmentation_XLSor}.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v102-tang19a, title = {XLSor: A Robust and Accurate Lung Segmentor on Chest X-Rays Using Criss-Cross Attention and Customized Radiorealistic Abnormalities Generation}, author = {Tang, You-Bao and Tang, Yu-Xing and Xiao, Jing and Summers, Ronald M.}, booktitle = {Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging with Deep Learning}, pages = {457--467}, year = {2019}, editor = {Cardoso, M. Jorge and Feragen, Aasa and Glocker, Ben and Konukoglu, Ender and Oguz, Ipek and Unal, Gozde and Vercauteren, Tom}, volume = {102}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {08--10 Jul}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v102/tang19a/tang19a.pdf}, url = { http://proceedings.mlr.press/v102/tang19a.html }, abstract = {This paper proposes a novel framework for lung segmentation in chest X-rays. It consists of two key contributions, a criss-cross attention based segmentation network and radiorealistic chest X-ray image synthesis (\textit{i}.\textit{e}. a synthesized radiograph that appears anatomically realistic) for data augmentation. The criss-cross attention modules capture rich global contextual information in both horizontal and vertical directions for all the pixels thus facilitating accurate lung segmentation. To reduce the manual annotation burden and to train a robust lung segmentor that can be adapted to pathological lungs with hazy lung boundaries, an image-to-image translation module is employed to synthesize radiorealistic abnormal CXRs from the source of normal ones for data augmentation. The lung masks of synthetic abnormal CXRs are propagated from the segmentation results of their normal counterparts, and then serve as pseudo masks for robust segmentor training. In addition, we annotate 100 CXRs with lung masks on a more challenging NIH Chest X-ray dataset containing both posterioranterior and anteroposterior views for evaluation. Extensive experiments validate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed framework. The code and data can be found from \url{https://github.com/rsummers11/CADLab/tree/master/Lung_Segmentation_XLSor}.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T XLSor: A Robust and Accurate Lung Segmentor on Chest X-Rays Using Criss-Cross Attention and Customized Radiorealistic Abnormalities Generation %A You-Bao Tang %A Yu-Xing Tang %A Jing Xiao %A Ronald M. Summers %B Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging with Deep Learning %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2019 %E M. Jorge Cardoso %E Aasa Feragen %E Ben Glocker %E Ender Konukoglu %E Ipek Oguz %E Gozde Unal %E Tom Vercauteren %F pmlr-v102-tang19a %I PMLR %P 457--467 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v102/tang19a.html %V 102 %X This paper proposes a novel framework for lung segmentation in chest X-rays. It consists of two key contributions, a criss-cross attention based segmentation network and radiorealistic chest X-ray image synthesis (\textit{i}.\textit{e}. a synthesized radiograph that appears anatomically realistic) for data augmentation. The criss-cross attention modules capture rich global contextual information in both horizontal and vertical directions for all the pixels thus facilitating accurate lung segmentation. To reduce the manual annotation burden and to train a robust lung segmentor that can be adapted to pathological lungs with hazy lung boundaries, an image-to-image translation module is employed to synthesize radiorealistic abnormal CXRs from the source of normal ones for data augmentation. The lung masks of synthetic abnormal CXRs are propagated from the segmentation results of their normal counterparts, and then serve as pseudo masks for robust segmentor training. In addition, we annotate 100 CXRs with lung masks on a more challenging NIH Chest X-ray dataset containing both posterioranterior and anteroposterior views for evaluation. Extensive experiments validate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed framework. The code and data can be found from \url{https://github.com/rsummers11/CADLab/tree/master/Lung_Segmentation_XLSor}.
APA
Tang, Y., Tang, Y., Xiao, J. & Summers, R.M.. (2019). XLSor: A Robust and Accurate Lung Segmentor on Chest X-Rays Using Criss-Cross Attention and Customized Radiorealistic Abnormalities Generation. Proceedings of The 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging with Deep Learning, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 102:457-467 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v102/tang19a.html .

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