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# Exact asymptotics for phase retrieval and compressed sensing with random generative priors

*Proceedings of The First Mathematical and Scientific Machine Learning Conference*, PMLR 107:55-73, 2020.

#### Abstract

We consider the problem of compressed sensing and of (real-valued) phase retrieval with random measurement matrix. We derive sharp asymptotics for the information-theoretically optimal performance and for the best known polynomial algorithm for an ensemble of generative priors consisting of fully connected deep neural networks with random weight matrices and arbitrary activations. We compare the performance to sparse separable priors and conclude that in all cases analysed generative priors have a smaller statistical-to-algorithmic gap than sparse priors, giving theoretical support to previous experimental observations that generative priors might be advantageous in terms of algorithmic performance. In particular, while sparsity does not allow to perform compressive phase retrieval efficiently close to its information-theoretic limit, it is found that under the random generative prior compressed phase retrieval becomes tractable.