Black-box Certification and Learning under Adversarial Perturbations
Proceedings of the 37th International Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 119:388-398, 2020.
We formally study the problem of classification under adversarial perturbations from a learner’s perspective as well as a third-party who aims at certifying the robustness of a given black-box classifier. We analyze a PAC-type framework of semi-supervised learning and identify possibility and impossibility results for proper learning of VC-classes in this setting. We further introduce a new setting of black-box certification under limited query budget, and analyze this for various classes of predictors and perturbation. We also consider the viewpoint of a black-box adversary that aims at finding adversarial examples, showing that the existence of an adversary with polynomial query complexity can imply the existence of a sample efficient robust learner.