Transfer Learning from Well-Curated to Less-Resourced Populations with HIV

Sonali Parbhoo, Mario Wieser, Volker Roth, Finale Doshi-Velez
Proceedings of the 5th Machine Learning for Healthcare Conference, PMLR 126:589-609, 2020.

Abstract

In Europe and North America, more homogeneous virus types and the relatively high availability of sequencing technologies have helped transform HIV from a life-threatening disease to a manageable chronic condition. However, modern therapies have been less successful in managing HIV in Africa, where there is more viral heterogeneity and access to sequencing is much less available. In this work, we present a novel mixture based approach that uses a deep information bottleneck to transfer patterns learned from European HIV cohorts where genomic data is readily available to African patients where no such data is available. We demonstrate its utility for optimising treatments for the first time in a set of HIV patients in Africa, and note how this approach may be applicable to many other scenarios where a variable is measured in some population but is missing from the target population.

Cite this Paper


BibTeX
@InProceedings{pmlr-v126-parbhoo20a, title = {Transfer Learning from Well-Curated to Less-Resourced Populations with HIV}, author = {Parbhoo, Sonali and Wieser, Mario and Roth, Volker and Doshi-Velez, Finale}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th Machine Learning for Healthcare Conference}, pages = {589--609}, year = {2020}, editor = {Doshi-Velez, Finale and Fackler, Jim and Jung, Ken and Kale, David and Ranganath, Rajesh and Wallace, Byron and Wiens, Jenna}, volume = {126}, series = {Proceedings of Machine Learning Research}, month = {07--08 Aug}, publisher = {PMLR}, pdf = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v126/parbhoo20a/parbhoo20a.pdf}, url = {http://proceedings.mlr.press/v126/parbhoo20a.html}, abstract = {In Europe and North America, more homogeneous virus types and the relatively high availability of sequencing technologies have helped transform HIV from a life-threatening disease to a manageable chronic condition. However, modern therapies have been less successful in managing HIV in Africa, where there is more viral heterogeneity and access to sequencing is much less available. In this work, we present a novel mixture based approach that uses a deep information bottleneck to transfer patterns learned from European HIV cohorts where genomic data is readily available to African patients where no such data is available. We demonstrate its utility for optimising treatments for the first time in a set of HIV patients in Africa, and note how this approach may be applicable to many other scenarios where a variable is measured in some population but is missing from the target population.} }
Endnote
%0 Conference Paper %T Transfer Learning from Well-Curated to Less-Resourced Populations with HIV %A Sonali Parbhoo %A Mario Wieser %A Volker Roth %A Finale Doshi-Velez %B Proceedings of the 5th Machine Learning for Healthcare Conference %C Proceedings of Machine Learning Research %D 2020 %E Finale Doshi-Velez %E Jim Fackler %E Ken Jung %E David Kale %E Rajesh Ranganath %E Byron Wallace %E Jenna Wiens %F pmlr-v126-parbhoo20a %I PMLR %P 589--609 %U http://proceedings.mlr.press/v126/parbhoo20a.html %V 126 %X In Europe and North America, more homogeneous virus types and the relatively high availability of sequencing technologies have helped transform HIV from a life-threatening disease to a manageable chronic condition. However, modern therapies have been less successful in managing HIV in Africa, where there is more viral heterogeneity and access to sequencing is much less available. In this work, we present a novel mixture based approach that uses a deep information bottleneck to transfer patterns learned from European HIV cohorts where genomic data is readily available to African patients where no such data is available. We demonstrate its utility for optimising treatments for the first time in a set of HIV patients in Africa, and note how this approach may be applicable to many other scenarios where a variable is measured in some population but is missing from the target population.
APA
Parbhoo, S., Wieser, M., Roth, V. & Doshi-Velez, F.. (2020). Transfer Learning from Well-Curated to Less-Resourced Populations with HIV. Proceedings of the 5th Machine Learning for Healthcare Conference, in Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 126:589-609 Available from http://proceedings.mlr.press/v126/parbhoo20a.html.

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