Learning Interpretable Models using Soft Integrity Constraints
; Proceedings of The 12th Asian Conference on Machine Learning, PMLR 129:529-544, 2020.
Integer models are of particular interest for applications where predictive models are supposed not only to be accurate but also interpretable to human experts. We introduce a novel penalty term called Facets whose primary goal is to favour integer weights. Our theoretical results illustrate the behaviour of the proposed penalty term: for small enough weights, the Facets matches the L1 penalty norm, and as the weights grow, it approaches the L2 regulariser. We provide the proximal operator associated with the proposed penalty term, so that the regularised empirical risk minimiser can be computed efficiently. We also introduce the Strongly Convex Facets, and discuss its theoretical properties. Our numerical results show that while achieving the state-of-the-art accuracy, optimisation of a loss function penalised by the proposed Facets penalty term leads to a model with a significant number of integer weights.