Hidden-Unit Conditional Random Fields
Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 15:479-488, 2011.
The paper explores a generalization of conditional random fields (CRFs) in which binary stochastic hidden units appear between the data and the labels. Hidden-unit CRFs are potentially more powerful than standard CRFs because they can represent nonlinear dependencies at each frame. The hidden units in these models also learn to discover latent distributed structure in the data that improves classification. We derive efficient algorithms for inference and learning in these models by observing that the hidden units are conditionally independent given the data and the labels. Finally, we show that hidden-unit CRFs perform well in experiments on a range of tasks, including optical character recognition, text classification, protein structure prediction, and part-of-speech tagging.