[edit]

# Error Analysis of Laplacian Eigenmaps for Semi-supervised Learning

*Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics*, PMLR 15:901-908, 2011.

#### Abstract

We study the error and sample complexity of semi-supervised learning by Laplacian Eignmaps at the limit of infinite unlabeled data. We provide a bound on the error, and show that it is controlled by the graph Laplacian regularizer. Our analysis also gives guidance to the choice of the number of eigenvectors $k$ to use: when the data lies on a $d$-dimensional domain, the optimal choice of $k$ is of order $(n/\log(n))^{\frac{d}{d+2}}$, yielding an asymptotic error rate of $(n/\log(n))^{-\frac{2}{2+d}}$.