Kantorovich Mechanism for Pufferfish Privacy
Proceedings of The 25th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 151:5084-5103, 2022.
Pufferfish privacy achieves $\epsilon$-indistinguishability over a set of secret pairs in the disclosed data. This paper studies how to attain $\epsilon$-pufferfish privacy by exponential mechanism, an additive noise scheme that generalizes the Laplace noise. It is shown that the disclosed data is $\epsilon$-pufferfish private if the noise is calibrated to the sensitivity of the Kantorovich optimal transport plan. Such a plan can be obtained directly from the data statistics conditioned on the secret, the prior knowledge of the system. The sufficient condition is further relaxed to reduce the noise power. It is also proved that the Gaussian mechanism based on the Kantorovich approach attains the $\delta$-approximation of $\epsilon$-pufferfish privacy.