Laplacian Constrained Precision Matrix Estimation: Existence and High Dimensional Consistency
Proceedings of The 25th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, PMLR 151:9711-9722, 2022.
This paper considers the problem of estimating high dimensional Laplacian constrained precision matrices by minimizing Stein’s loss. We obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for existence of this estimator, that consists on checking whether a certain data dependent graph is connected. We also prove consistency in the high dimensional setting under the symmetrized Stein loss. We show that the error rate does not depend on the graph sparsity, or other type of structure, and that Laplacian constraints are sufficient for high dimensional consistency. Our proofs exploit properties of graph Laplacians, the matrix tree theorem, and a characterization of the proposed estimator based on effective graph resistances. We validate our theoretical claims with numerical experiments.