Geometric rates of convergence for kernel-based sampling algorithms
Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, PMLR 161:2156-2164, 2021.
The rate of convergence of weighted kernel herding (WKH) and sequential Bayesian quadrature (SBQ), two kernel-based sampling algorithms for estimating integrals with respect to some target probability measure, is investigated. Under verifiable conditions on the chosen kernel and target measure, we establish a near-geometric rate of convergence for target measures that are nearly atomic. Furthermore, we show these algorithms perform comparably to the theoretical best possible sampling algorithm under the maximum mean discrepancy. An analysis is also conducted in a distributed setting. Our theoretical developments are supported by empirical observations on simulated data as well as a real world application.