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# On the Heterogeneity of Independent Learning Dynamics in Zero-sum Stochastic Games

*Proceedings of The 4th Annual Learning for Dynamics and Control Conference*, PMLR 168:994-1005, 2022.

#### Abstract

We analyze the convergence properties of the two-timescale fictitious play combining the classical fictitious play with the Q-learning for two-player zero-sum stochastic games with player-dependent learning rates. We show its almost sure convergence under the standard assumptions in two-timescale stochastic approximation methods when the discount factor is less than the product of the ratios of player-dependent step sizes. To this end, we formulate a novel Lyapunov function formulation and present a one-sided asynchronous convergence result.