MedSelect: Selective Labeling for Medical Image Classification Using Meta-Learning
Proceedings of The 5th International Conference on Medical Imaging with Deep Learning, PMLR 172:1301-1310, 2022.
We propose a selective labeling method using meta-learning for medical image interpretation in the setting of limited labeling resources. Our method, MedSelect, consists of a trainable deep learning model that uses image embeddings to select images to label, and a non-parametric classifier that uses cosine similarity to classify unseen images. We demonstrate that MedSelect learns an effective selection strategy outperforming baseline selection strategies across seen and unseen medical conditions for chest X-ray interpretation. We also perform an analysis of the selections performed by MedSelect comparing the distribution of latent embeddings and clinical features, and find significant differences compared to the strongest performing baseline. Our method is broadly applicable across medical imaging tasks where labels are expensive to acquire.