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# Non-Gaussian Component Analysis via Lattice Basis Reduction

*Proceedings of Thirty Fifth Conference on Learning Theory*, PMLR 178:4535-4547, 2022.

#### Abstract

Non-Gaussian Component Analysis (NGCA) is the following distribution learning problem: Given i.i.d. samples from a distribution on $\R^d$ that is non-gaussian in a hidden direction $v$ and an independent standard Gaussian in the orthogonal directions, the goal is to approximate the hidden direction $v$. Prior work \citep{DKS17-sq} provided formal evidence for the existence of an information-computation tradeoff for NGCA under appropriate moment-matching conditions on the univariate non-gaussian distribution $A$. The latter result does not apply when the distribution $A$ is discrete. A natural question is whether information-computation tradeoffs persist in this setting. In this paper, we answer this question in the negative by obtaining a sample and computationally efficient algorithm for NGCA in the regime that $A$ is discrete or nearly discrete, in a well-defined technical sense. The key tool leveraged in our algorithm is the LLL method \citep{LLL82} for lattice basis reduction.